Infertility is the inability to conceive a child. A couple may be considered infertile if, after two years of regular sexual intercourse, without contraception, the woman has not become pregnant (and there is no other reason, such as breastfeeding or postpartum amenorrhoea).
PRIMARY INFERTILITY is infertility in a couple who have never had a child.
According to Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) 2011, from 237 million indonesia citizen,about +/- 39,8 million are fertile woman, but 10-15% among of them are infertile.
Specific Female Causes
Specific Male Causes
The main cause of male infertility is low sperm quality. In men who have the necessary reproductive organs to procreate, infertility can be caused by low sperm count due to endocrine problems, drugs, radiation, or infection. There may be testicular malformations, hormone imbalance, or blockage of the man's duct system. Although many of these can be treated through surgery or hormonal substitutions, some may be more indefinite. Infertility associated with viable, but immotile sperm may be caused by primary ciliary dyskinesia.
In the Indonesia, up to 20% of infertile couples have unexplained infertility.
It is increasingly recognized that egg quality is of critical importance and women of advanced maternal age have eggs of reduced capacity for normal and successful fertilization. Also, polymorphisms in foliate pathway genes could be one reason for fertility complications in some women with unexplained infertility
ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY (ART) is a method used to achieve pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial means. It is a reproductive technology used primarily for infertility treatments, and is also known as fertility treatment.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body. IVF is a major treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. The fertilised egg (zygote) is cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then transferred to the mother's uterus with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.
An IVF cycle typically includes the following steps or procedures:
In some cases, additional procedures are employed. These include:
Risks of IVF includes of:
For more INFORMATION, please contact: TERATAI FERTILITY CLINIC Ext. 28433